Javed Ghamdi Aur Inkar -e- Hadith By Shaykh Muhammad Rafique

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Fikr e Ghamdi Aik Tehqiqi wa Tajziyati Mutalia

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Ramadan A Gift From The Creator

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By Shaykh Muhammad Najeeb Qasmi (DB)


Islam And Different Types Of Health

The common notion about Islam is that it is a religion that commends its followers to be a servant to God only and live the worldly life in a way that it elevates the spirit of the person and helps gain religious benefits. Although this notion is a part of Islam but not the whole Islam, the whole Islam is complete in every sense and has instructions regarding each aspect of life.

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Islam gives a complete and thorough framework of life, by following which a person can live life in the best way possible both from worldly and religious perspective. With every matter of life Islam gives a holistic and a specific solution. Therefore, a follower of Islam has all the instructions available and all he needs to do is to follow them.

Pertaining to general health, Islam takes a holistic approach and provides remedy and instructions regarding spiritual, emotional and physical health. The lines below give the perspective of Islam on the three levels of general health.

1. Spiritual Health:

Spiritual health is important in Islam and one of the key objectives of being a Muslim is to improve the health of the spirit. On a general level the spiritual health depends upon the kind of believe a person has and based on that believe how does a person respond to afflictions and adversities. The better the response of a person, the better is the spiritual health. The hadith of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says:

“Indeed amazing are the affairs of a believer! They are all for his benefit. If he is granted ease then he is thankful, and this is good for him. And if he is afflicted with a hardship, he perseveres, and this is good for him.” (Muslim)

This hadith shows the kind of belief a Muslim possess pertaining to the ease and difficulties in life. A Muslim who believes that all the eases and hardship is from Allah Almighty and rejuvenates and perseveres in the respective cases is the one whose spirit is healthy.

Further to the health of spirit, it is the external afflictions and sickness that puts this particular health to its test. In this regard also the hadith of Prophet (PBUH) gives the best model:

“Whenever a Muslim is afflicted by harm from sickness or other matters, God will expiate his sins, like leaves drop from a tree.” (Muslim and Bukhari)

From this hadith, it is obvious that all the physical afflictions sent by God help shed sins. All a Muslim needs to do is persevere and the afflictions become a blessing in disguise that remove all the sins associated with the soul of person, thus making spiritual health better.

2. Emotional Health:

In addition to the spiritual health, the second level of health that Islam addresses is the emotional health. The kind of emotions a person has has a great impact on the way a person lives life. Positive emotions bread a righteous and virtuous life, while negative emotions bring the vices of a person to the surface.

The emotion part of the health has a lot to do with the heart, if the heart is at peace, then all the adversities would seem like blessings as discussed earlier, and if the heart is not at its right place, then even the joyful moments would lead to a life that is transgressing and not commended by Allah Almighty.

In Quran, Allah Almighty says:

“O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i.e. the Quran), and healing for that which is in your hearts.” (10:57)

In this ayah of Quran, it is evident that Quran is solution to the problems of heart, thus reading, listening and understanding of Quran helps better the emotional health of a person. The more the heart of a person is grateful, peaceful and obliged better will be its health and more blessings would it receive from Allah Almighty, as He says in Quran:

“And when your Lord proclaimed, “If you give thanks, I will give you more; but if you are thankless, lo! My punishment is dire.” (14:7)

Hence, the emotional health of a person increases when the heart is content, obliged and thankful to all the blessings of Allah Almighty.

3. Physical Health:

The emphasis of Islam on physical health is another aspect of Islam about which people are oblivious. Islam commends its followers to pay attention towards their health and take good care of it. Pertaining to physical health, Islam addresses both the diet and exercise aspects of health. Allah Almighty says in Quran:

“O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth (that is) lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed he is to you a clear enemy.” (2:168)

In this ayah, it is clear that Allah Almighty has allowed Muslims to eat whatever they want to eat in this world, except for the foods that are unlawful and the ones that take a person on the footsteps of Satan. Regarding the forbidden foods besides the intoxicants, Allah Almighty says in Quran:

“Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah, that which hath been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by being gored to death; that which hath been (partly) eaten by a wild animal; unless ye are able to slaughter it (in due form); that which is sacrificed on stone (altars); (forbidden) also is the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety…..” (5:3)

In this ayah, Allah Almighty has clearly described the foods that are unlawful for a Muslim and the eating of which is forbidden, all the other foods are lawful to Muslims and he can consume them in the way he likes.

Pertaining to the exercise part of physical health, Islam encourages its followers to indulge in sports and physical activities that improve the health and strength of the body. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said in one of His hadiths:

“Any Action without the remembrance of God is either a diversion or heedlessness excepting four acts: Walking from target to target (during archery practice), training a horse, playing with one’s family, and learning to swim.” (Tabarani)

From this hadith it is evident that Prophet (PBUH) encourages playing sports that are healthy for the body.


In short, Islam like its own completeness and comprehensiveness addresses all the matters of life with on a complete and comprehensive level. For Islam, the spiritual, emotional, and physical health all are important and the presence of all makes a healthy believer and Muslim.

Anwar ul Furqan Urdu Sharah Jamal ul Quran By Shaykh Qari Muhammad Ramzan

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Rozy Kay Masail Ka Encyclopedia ( روزے کے مسائل کا انسائیکو پیڈیا)

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By Mufti Inam ul Haque Qasmi (DB)


Fazail -e- Ramzan (Virtues of Ramadhan) By Shaykh al-Hadith Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelvi (r.a)

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Urdu Translation

Virtues of Itikaaf, Rules and and Ways to Maximize It

Ramadan is almost half way through and Muslims all across the world are counting the days left in this month so that they could celebrate and cherish these remaining moments and spend them in praise and worship of Allah Almighty to gain maximum blessings in this holy month. Pertaining to the days left in Ramadan, the most renowned and anxiously awaited are the last ten days, because they come with Itikaf.

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Itikaf is one of the greatest Sunnahs of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and it is the one most observed during Ramadan. Pertaining to it, Hazrat Aisha (RA) said:

“Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to perform Itikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan until Allah the Mighty and Majestic, took him.” (Bukhari)

From this hadith it is clear that observing Itikaf was a life long Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), therefore, every Muslim must also try observing Itikaf whenever the chance becomes available in his or her life. The lines below discuss some virtues as well as the ways of maximizing Itikaf in terms of its gain and reward.


There are numerous hadiths associated with Itikaf, as per which it is the renowned as a great reward generating Sunnah. In one of His hadiths, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:

“He who observes the ten days Itikaf during Ramadan will obtain the reward of two Hajj and two Umrah.” (Bayhaqi)

Therefore, those who cannot afford to go on Hajj or Umrah can rely on observance of Itikaf as a means of getting them the reward they would get for performing two Hajj and two Umrahs. In another hadith, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:

“Whosoever for Allah’s sake did even one days Itikaf, Allah would keep him away from Jahannam by trenches.” (Tabarani)

This hadith shows another great virtue of Itikaf, as per which one day’s Itikaf is sufficient enough to help protect a Muslim from the fire of hell by the distance of trenches. Therefore, if a Muslim wishes to stay away from the fire of hell, he or she must try observing Itikaaf during the last ten days of Ramadan.

Those who observe Itikaf, for them Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said in another hadith:

“He is safe from sin and he also gets that reward which everyone (outside Itikaf) gets for pious deeds.” (Ibn Majah)

In the light of this ayah, observing Itikaf is a means of gaining excessive reward for the good deeds. Moreover, besides the personal reward which a person gets for observing Itikaf, he or she also gets reward for the pious deeds committed by other people as well.

Maximizing Itikaf:

There are numerous ways in which a Muslim can maximize Itikaf and its outcomes. The lines below discuss a few major ways of doing so in Ramadan.

Have Pure Intentions:

The first thing that can help maximize the effects and rewards of Itikaf is the right intentions. Your intentions related to Itikaf must be pure and full of passion and religious zest. You must not observe Itikaf with the intention that people may call you virtuous and pious, rather the intentions you must have should be to praise and worship Allah Almighty, seek His forgiveness and fulfill the Sunnah of Prophet (PBUH).  In a hadith, Prophet (PBUH) said:

Verily actions are judged by intention.” (Bukhari)

Therefore, the reward which a person attains from Itikaf depends upon the intentions which he or she had when they observed Itikaf. If the intentions are pure and righteous, the reward will be equally fruitful as well.

Schedule Your Activities:

In order to make the most out of Itikaf and relish each and every moment of it, you need to make sure that all your daily worship activities are planned before hand. Itikaf is of 10 days, therefore, before the start of it, you need to make a chart in which you distribute your worship goals into days and in those days the distribution should in hours. When you do so, only then you make sure that no moment of the Itikaf goes to waste and you enjoy every moment by worshiping Allah Almighty and by seeking forgiveness from Him.

Go The Extra Mile:

Another thing that a Muslim can do pertaining to maximizing the reward of Itikaf and improving its effectiveness is exerting high efforts in praying and worshiping of Allah Almighty to ensure greater reward and blessing. As Itikaf is observed in the last ten days of Ramadan, for which the Sunnah of Prophet (PBUH) could be explained with the help of following narration of Hazrat Aisha (RA), where she said:

“Allah’s Messenger used to exert himself in devotion during the last ten nights to a greater extent than any other time.” (Muslim)

Therefore, if there is any time when you need to exert high level of efforts pertaining to worship and prayer, it is the days of Itikaf in which you must tighten your belt and start pushing yourself with extra prayers and other means of worship.

Recite Quran:

One of the most common activities that Muslims in Itikaf undertake is recitation of Holy Quran. Muslims who have learned Quran from a Quran teacher get to utilize Itikaf as a means of repeating their lesson and try finishing their Quran, whereas those who have not learnt Quran can utilize Itikaf as a means of learning Quran in this time. This way a Muslim can earn greater reward for Quran recitation in addition to increasing and sharpening one’s Quran recitation expertise.

Try Finding Laylatul Qadr:

The most blessed night of all – Laylatul Qadr is in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan. Although every night of Itikaf is special, however, the frequency and the spirit of obligatory as well as the voluntary prayers should be pushed the extra mile during the odd nights, as no one knows which one of them could be the Laylatul Qadr and a Muslim may earn countless reward for all the prayer and worship in that night. Therefore, finding Laylatul Qadr should be one of the objectives of Itikaf.


In short, Ramadan comes once in a year and so does the chance of observing Itikaf, therefore, whoever has this chance available should avail it and try fulfilling the Holy Sunnah of Itikaf with utmost dedication and piety, so that he or she could reap greater reward in both the worlds.

Islam and Honor Killings

At present, there are numerous labels of negative connotations being associated with Islam. People all over the world fail to understand that culture and Islam are different in the Muslim population and the different acts which Muslims at present undertake because of their social or cultural constraints have nothing to do with Islam.

Although Islam in itself has the best culture, but Muslims at present have culture different from Islam but the west considers their culture as an Islamic culture. This notion is wrong and has nothing but biased bad name to Islam. One of such cultural phenomenon that has been defaming Islam is the act of honor-killing.

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All over the Muslim world there are people who kill women just because of the suspicion or even a proved fact that the women has defamed them by committing adultery. Although there have been very few cases in which such an action has been proved, however, still the figure of honor killing remains high. One must understand that honor killing has nothing to do with Islam and it is purely an act that is against the teaching of Islam and has no roots in Islam whatsoever. The lines below discuss how Islam views killing in general and honor killing in particular.

Allah Almighty says in Quran:

Killings in Islam

“Whoever kills a believer intentionally, their reward will be Hell, to abide therein forever, and the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon them, and a dreadful penalty is prepared for them.” (4:93)

From this ayah of Quran it is obvious that there is no room for killing a believer in Islam. Whoever intentionally kills a believer, the only reward left for him or her is the life of hell in the hereafter. Therefore, intentional killing of a believer in Islam is one of the gravest sins that a person can commit.

Further to killing Islam discusses the sanctity of human life as well. In Islam human life is one of the most sacred things and a Muslim is to care for life of others and make sure that no life is lost. Allah Almighty says in Quran:

Honor killing in Islam

“On that account: We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone kills a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if they killed all people. And if anyone saved a life, it would be as if they saved the life of all people.” (5:32)

From this ayah of Quran it again becomes clear that human life is sacred. One cannot kill a human unless the person being killed is spreading mischief in the world or life for life. Other than that saving  a life is saving humanity and killing one is killing humanity.

The possible hadith that the illiterate and Muslims with lack of knowledge use to justify the act of honor killing is as follows where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) explained the situations when shedding of blood is allowed by saying:

“It is not permissible to shed the blood of a Muslim who bears witness that there is no god but Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah except in three cases: a life for a life (murder), zina of one who is previously married (adultery), and the one who changes his religion and forsakes the jamaa’ah.” (Bukhari)

From the ayah one can find that killing an adulterer who is married is allowed in Islam. This is the justification which the people have for honor killing in a Muslim society. However, they don’t realize the fact that this hadith gives a general concept and the scholars have further discussed the conditions in which it is allowed.  The conditions are two:

  1. Firstly, the adulterer has to be previously married. It means that he or she would have had intercourse in a marriage, he or she is an adult, and in addition to being mentally sane they are free born as well. Therefore, those who are not married are not to be killed in the light of this hadith.
  2. The second condition for killing an adulterer is that there should be four male witnesses who would witness the meeting of the private parts of both the individuals involved in adultery. Moreover, this adultery is to be committed out of consent for the punishment to be valid.
  3. If it is supposed that the conditions are met, even then an individual does not have any right to kill the other, rather the power of punishment is to be given to the state justice system who would give an Islamic judgment on the matter.

From the mentioned hadiths it is clear that the only killing allowed pertaining to defaming of honor is the killing of an adulterer who is or has been previously married. It means that killing of women who are not married is not allowed in Islam, moreover, the one thing that most people forget is that this rule and law is equally applicable on men as well. Moreover, if the woman is found guilty of the crime, even then an individual does not have any right to kill another person or woman in particular.

  1. Usually in honor killing unmarried women are killed. The above discussion shows that even if proved, an unmarried woman cannot be killed for adultery. Therefore, whoever do it don’t do it from Islam rather they do it from their social or cultural roots.
  2. The above discussion also shows that mere accusation on a married woman pertaining to adultery is not sufficient enough for killing her. Rather, it is only allowed when there are witnesses available that testify to the adultery taking place and that too not out of forcefulness but out of consent.
  3. Most importantly the discussion shows that if there is to be honor killing then men were to be treated in the same was as are women because the ruling for killing a fornicator that Islam gives is free from gender biasness and both the genders are to be held equally responsible for the act and its consequences.

A Short Summary of Ghazwa (Battle of) Badr

The origin of Islamic faith goes back to the early 7th century, when Allah SWT selected Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ as his Last Messenger. When the Holy Prophet ﷺ announced about the first Quranic Revelation and that He is the Final Apostle of the Almighty Lord, the Qureyshi idolaters and polytheists denied Him. They became worst enemies of whoever accepted Islam and tortured them both physically and mentally. This eventually led to mass emigration of Muslims from Makkah to Madina with the permission of God, the Exalted.

The Muhajireen (emigrants of Makkah) left most of their belongings behind them, which were eventually taken by the Qureyshi disbelievers. In the second year of Hijrah (Migration), in 623 A.D, Muslims came to know of Qureyshi caravan coming back from Syria to Makkah. So, they thought of avenging their losses of possessions in Makkah by raiding that convoy lead by Abu Sufyan, who called for his people to protect his caravan from Muslims and crush them. The Apostle ﷺ of Allah had no plan of going into battle, but when He came to know about arrival of thousands of armed disbelievers for purpose of demolishing Muslims, they eventually had to go into first battle between them and the infidels. This clash is known as Ghazwa (battle in which the Prophet ﷺ took part in Himself) Badr, which occurred on 17th of Ramadan and was won by Muslims who were 313 in number only, against the mighty army of above 1000 Makkan disbelievers. Allah SWT talks about this emphatic victory of Muslims over infidels in the Holy Quran as:


“Already there has been for you a sign in the two armies which met – one fighting in the cause of Allah and another of disbelievers. They saw them [to be] twice their [own] number by [their] eyesight. But Allah supports with His victory whom He wills. Indeed in that is a lesson for those of vision.” [Quran, 3: 13]

The account of the happenings during this heroic clash of Madinans (Believers) with the Makkans (Non Believers) is described below:

Battle in which prophet took part

Preparation For The Decisive Encounter

When the Holy Prophet ﷺ came to know about the powerful preparation of the disbelievers against Muslims, He had no choice but to arrange a strong group of believers to fight against them. It was a great testing time for the faith of the disciples of Islam. The Ansaar (Natives of Madina) also had to make a decision whether to take part in this combat or not, as the Pact of Brotherhood between them and Muhajireen did not include fighting enemies outside the boundaries of Madina. The Messenger ﷺ of God asked his companions about it, Muhajireen approved their inclusion straight away, but as they were very less in number, Rasulullah ﷺ asked them 3 times until S’ad b. Mu’ad realized that He (PBUH) was wishing Ansaar to participate too. He stood up and told the Holy Prophet ﷺ that Ansaar were always ready to fight in the way of Allah and His Apostle (PBUH) at any cost. Rasulullah ﷺ was ecstatic at this great sight of Muslim unity and standing firm against the enemies of Allah. In the end, a small defense force of 313 Muslims; most of them were unarmed and had only 70 camels and two horses, was ready to face the disbelievers.

Acceptance Of The Prophet`s (PBUH) Entreaty

The idolaters of Makkah, under the command of Abu Jahl marched towards Madina. When Muslims came to know about it, they also moved out of the city and stationed at the wells of Badr near a sea between the two cities, where both armies collided in the end. Before the start of battle, the Holy Prophet ﷺ prayed to the Almighty Lord that this small amount of Muslims may not be destroyed, for there would be no one else left to take His Name till the Day of Judgment on the surface of the earth. Allah SWT accepted request of His Messenger, and later said in the Holy Quran:


“[Remember] when you asked help of your Lord, and He answered you, “Indeed, I will reinforce you with a thousand from the angels, following one another. [Quran, 8: 9]

The above mentioned Ayah clearly indicates towards the Help of Allah SWT in the form of good news of thousand Angels assisting Muslims during their fight against non believers who were triple their number. The prayer of Rasulullah ﷺ itself shows His great trust and faith in Allah Almighty`s Assistance.

Clash At The Site of Badr

Muslims were 1/3rd in figure as compared to the infidels. When both the armies faced each other at the place of Badr, the battle began with the normal Arab Tradition of a fight, with nominated warriors from each side coming into clash with each other.

A triplet of disbelievers namely: Utbah Ibn Rabi-ah, his son Al Walid and his brother Sheibah (all belonging to the Ummaya Family) came in front of the Makkan army, and asked the Prophet ﷺ to send His men of equal strength and caliber to fight them. Every Mo`min was ready to come forward and was wishing to be called by the Apostle ﷺ of God to fight the idolaters, but Rasulullah ﷺ chose to start the combat with His own family. So, He selected His own Son in Law, Hazrat Ali (R.A), His uncle, Hazrat Hamza (R.A) and one of His close companions, Hazrat Ubayda (R.A). The first two had great wins over their opponents, while the Last One got martyred in the end. After the general battle started, valor of Hazrat Ali (R.A) was highly prominent, who horrified and killed his rivals with great bravery. The Holy Prophet ﷺ took a handful of soil and threw it in the air towards the faces of the idolaters. This caused them to tremble and they turned their backs, thereupon, Muslims took them with great power, killed 70 of them and took 70 as prisoners, who were treated with great humility and kindness. The Almighty narrates this happening in Furqan e Hameed as:

happenings in battle

“And you did not kill them, but it was Allah who killed them. And you threw not, [O Muhammad], when you threw, but it was Allah who threw that He might test the believers with a good test. Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.” [Quran, 8: 17]

In this Quranic verse, the Creator of the world of the worlds indicates towards His Assistance when only a mere handful of soil thrown by the Prophet ﷺ resulted in Muslim victory. Allah SWT made it clear to the Muslims that their victory was made possible due to His Power and Support.

In short, the battle of Badr proved as a foundation of Muslim strength as they were quite a few in numbers, who were given the eventual victory against the mighty and well armed disbelievers of Qureysh.

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