The Contradictions In Western Idea Of Freedom Of Speech And The Islamic Perspective

The primary source of #information that the #people of West have for gaining information about Islam is Western media. Both the print and electronic media of West is what provides information to the people about Islam and it is the #biasness of this media that the people of the West have a negative perception of Islam and they see it as a religion of oppression and #aggression.

One of the major things that Islam is accused of in the Western world is the oppression of freedom of speech. West proclaims to be the proponent and the emblem bearer of freedom of speech, whereas it regards Islam as a religion where the followers have no say whatsoever and they cannot raise their voice against anything.

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The Islamic opinion about the freedom of speech will be discussed in later part of the writing however, the thing that needs to be addressed first is the Western view of freedom of speech and how it contradicts with it.

Western View:

The West is the proponent of freedom of speech where the individuals in a society are free to express their opinion in any way they want against or for anyone they want. Although this type of freedom cannot exist in world because such a freedom would result in nothing but people defaming each other, spreading slanders and falsely accusing each other. Therefore, in the Western law, despite all the freedom, the limit of it is set that it does not result in hurting the feeling of anyone or that harms the image of some other person.


The West speaks of freedom of speech without any boundaries, however, it shows biasness towards certain matters and for them it has made laws, whereas, when it comes to other social systems in the world like Islam, they judge it and defame it for the limits it has put on its followers. Some major contradiction of the West pertaining to the freedom of speech it so claims are as follows:

  1. Firstly, in the European countries there is a law as per which no one is allowed to speak about ant-Semitic movement in the Nazi regime. People are not allowed to favor the haulocast or give any opinion that does not oppose it. This shows the biasness of the Western media and the demolishing of the notion of freedom of speech. On the other hand, when it comes to Western media publishing the caricature of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and Muslims protesting against it, it is simply remarked as a #freedom of expression. Thus, duality and contradiction exist in the Western notion of freedom of speech.
  2. Secondly, in CIA all the employees are bound to sign a document as per which they are never to share or to publish their experience that involves information related to country. This law was passed when CIA officials started writing memoirs regarding their experience during service. Although that was their expression however, it did not fit the US objective therefore, it was taken away from the officials. Thus, another contradiction in Western saying and doing.
  3. Thirdly, in UK as well the officials of the secret agency are not allowed to discuss or publish any information pertaining to national security. Hence, their freedom of speech is also made limited.

The above arguments show that the West speaks of freedom of speech without any constraints, however, when it comes to certain matters and issue, there is no freedom of speech whatsoever and there are strict limitations.

Islamic Perspective:

#Islam is a #religion of moderation and human connection. It does not allow anything that is extreme or that tarnishes the human connection. Islam allows its followers to speak freely and in some cases it stresses upon them to speak without any fear, however, when it comes to speech hurting the feelings or beliefs of someone, Islam tells it followers to refrain from it and adopt a way that is more subtle.  Some examples of how Islam views freedom of speech and to what extent does it allows Muslims to proclaim their opinion are as follows:

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said in a hadith:

“The master of martyrs is Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib and a man who stood up to an oppressive ruler, ordered him (to do good) and forbade him (from doing evil) and was killed by him.”

The #hadith shows that when it comes to #speaking freely, the allowed speech is that which encourages or promotes goodness and that forbids evil. Therefore, Muslims are to raise their voices without any fear if they see anything bad happening and they should also encourage or support goodness with their voice.

Harun-ul-Rashid was one of the #Muslim caliphs who rewarded scholars who would go out and spread the message of Islam and give people an understanding of deen. Therefore, speech for the sake of spreading of knowledge is also allowed and encouraged in Islam.

Thirdly, on contrary to the Western world where freedom of speech is allowed when it comes to hurting the feelings of the Muslims, Islam forbids any act that hurts the feeling of the non-Muslims living in the Muslims reign. Regarding this, #Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said in one of His hadiths:

“Whoever hurts a non-Muslim citizen of an Islamic state hurts me, and he who hurts me annoys Allah.” (Bukhari )

From the hadith it is clear that in Islam any proclamation of speech that is against any religion or that hurts the feeling of a non-Muslim is not allowed in Islam. Therefore, the notion that Islam or Muslims somehow are in opposition of non-Muslims or they go to any measures to defame other religions is wrong, rather Islam wants Muslims to accept that other people have their religion and there is no need of turning towards hurtful speech as a means of spreading Islam.


Ina  nutshell, there is no such thing as an ideal freedom of speech in the world and if West does preach any it is limited and wherever it conflicts with the great scheme the right of speech is taken back from the respective people. Islam encourages a speech that is in favor of good and that detests bad, however, even then the speech is supposed to be free from any hate and resentfulness.

Islamic & Quranic Moral Values Muslims Must Follow

Morality or the propagation of moral values is a major aspect of Islam. People of today think of Quran as only a Book that contains guidelines that are pertinent to performing of religious rituals only and there is nothing else in it. The fact of the matter is that in #Quran Allah Almighty has given the complete guidelines and told humanity about whatever they want to know about this universe in general and the way of living life in particular.

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Islam puts great emphasis on the height of characters and for this purpose it encourages the followers to adopt good moral qualities in their lives. In this regard, the life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) stands as an evident and clear example for Muslims and from him they can learn what the height of moral is like. In Quran, there are mentions of numerous moral values that a Muslim should incorporate in his or her character. The lines below discuss a few of such major moral values.

Quranic Moral values

“(They are) those who are patient, those who are true, and obedient with sincere devotion in worship to Allah and those who spend (their wealth as Zakat and alms) and those who pray and beg Allah’s Pardon in the last hours of night.” (3:17)

This ayah highlights the multiple characteristics of a believer. These characteristics are:

  1. First comes patient. A believer is to have the quality of patience in his character because it is the quality that comes in handy in almost every aspect of life. When one is patient, only then he endures the hardships of life without losing faith, it is with patience that he develops good relations with others and it is with patience that he bears the ease and comfort of others before himself.
  2. Second comes the moral value of sincere and obedient worship of Allah. Being a Muslim a person ought to worship Allah Almighty and the five times a day prayers are an obligationas well, however, people consider prayers or any form of worship as a duty and perform it mechanically. Whereas, the ayah focuses on worshiping Allah with sincerity and obedience, therefore, one needs to incorporate this spirit of devotion in the worshiping of Allah.
  3. Third is the moral value of spending from the wealth in the name of Allah. Zakat is an obligation upon Muslims who are wealthy, however, charity or alms giving is something which everyone can do, especially the ones who have enough to give but not enough to offer in Zakat. Therefore, being charitable is a moral value that Muslims need to merge in their character.
  4. Fourth comes the praying to Allah in the late hours of night. It is called the Tahajud prayer. The reason why it is one of the moral values that a Muslim should adopt is the fact that firstly, this prayer is in addition to the obligatory prayer, therefore, it shows the additional love of a Muslim to Allah. secondly, this prayer is done in the later part of night in isolation, which takes away all the aspect boastfulness or showiness that can be present in offering of obligatory prayers.

In the same Surah at another place, Allah Almighty mentions a few other moral qualities in the following way:

Muslim Follow moral values

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“And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and for Paradise as wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for the pious. Those who spend (in the cause of Allah) in prosperity and adversity, who restrain anger and who pardon the people, and Allah loves doers of good. And those who, when they commit any sexual immorality or wrong themselves (by transgression) remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins and who can forgive sins except Allah? And (those who) do not persist in what they have done while they know.”(3:133-135)

Multiple moral attributes are highlighted in these ayahs as well. The moral values that can be inferred from these ayahs are as follows:

  1. Spending in the name of Allah in the condition of adversity as well as in the condition of prosperity is something that a Muslim should develop in his character. There are people who spend in the name of Allah when they are experiencing prosperity, but they cease to do so as soon as they face even the slightest of adverse situations. Therefore, a Muslim must try to be charitable in every situation.
  2. Rage or anger is something that eats up a person as well as his character. Anger is a great vice because it clouds the judgment of a person making him unable to differentiate between right and wrong. Therefore, a Muslim must try to control his temper and rage is a quality that should not be a part of the character of a Muslim.
  3. Forgiving people is another personality attribute that a Muslim must possess. Islam gives the message of being good and kind towards people – forgiving them is one of such acts of kindness. Therefore, keeping grudges and not forgiving people for their mistakes is not something which a Muslim should breed in his character, rather he should be forgiving towards the people.
  4. Besides the other moral qualities, a Muslim needs to be a good-doer on a generic level. The constituent of a good-doer could be numerous, but in simple terms it is the inclination towards doing good things. Therefore, the believer needs to have a mindset that is inclined towards goodness, which produces thoughts of goodness that then trigger acts of goodness.
  5. All humans are fallable and among the different mistakes we commit, the mistakes or sins of sexual nature are more common. The ayah shows that if a person commits some act of sexual nature, then he or she should immediately repent upon it in front of Allah Almighty. Therefore, repentance upon sins is another moral value that a Muslim needs to ensure in his character.

Lastly, the realization that what one has done is wrong is another moral value that should be appreciated in a Muslim. Usually, if people commit some sin, they start to justify it or remain persistent in doing it instead of realizing that they have committed something wrong. A Muslim needs to have a character in which he acknowledges whenever he commits any mistake.

In short, a Muslim has to work upon his moral character. The better values a Muslim incorporates in his character, a better and practicing Muslim he becomes and it is on the basis of this moralist practice of Islam that he will be among the blessed ones, both in this world and in the world Hereafter.

The History And Great Importance of Islamic Months

Monthly calendars play a vital role in scheduling of time and important events in lives of their respective followers. There are many kinds of almanacs made from people of different religions and regions for sake of knowing about specific traditions, occasions and holidays etc. like Gregorian (Christian), Chinese and Hijri (Islamic) calendars. All of such charts are based on the shifting of the Moon and contains approximately 30 days in each month because of the Moon`s shape and movements. Islam also shares the same concept of timetable as the Almighty Lord says in the Holy Quran:

Islamic months

“It is He who made the sun a shining light and the moon a derived light and determined for it phases – that you may know the number of years and account [of time]. Allah has not created this except in truth. He details the signs for a people who know.” [Quran, 10: 5]

In this verse, Allah SWT has not only told us about the fact that Moon`s light is not its own, but actually resulting from the Sun, but also has made us aware of significance of both in determining years and time. All of the information that was revealed 1400 years ago has been proved right through science today.

Now coming towards the Islamic Calendar, unlike charts of other religions, it has been made only by God, the Exalted.

history and importance

“Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them. And fight against the disbelievers collectively as they fight against you collectively. And know that Allah is with the righteous (who fear Him).” [Quran, 9: 36]

It means that since the beginning of time on earth and the arrival of Adam (A.S), the cycle of time period which Muslims follow today, had always been in effect. It consists of 12 months, and 4 of them are the sacred ones, about which the Holy Prophet (PBUH) is reported to have once said:

“O People! Time has gone back to how it was at the time Allah created the Heavens and the Earth. A year has twelve months, four of which are sacred, three consecutive, Thul-Qi’dah, Thul-Hijjah, Muharram, and Rajab, which comes between Jumaadaa and Sha’baan.” (Al-Bukhaari)

So, the Apostle (PBUH) of Allah has made it clear to us about those 4 sacred months which are Dhu al-Q`adah, Dhu al-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab.

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Now let us briefly take a look at the history and importance of Islamic Months one by one:

  1. Muharram

It is the very first month in Islamic time schedule. The literal meaning of Muharram is“Forbidden”. It has always been well thought-out as a holy period in which Arabs used to avoid fighting with each other. It consists of a particular date, i.e. 10th on which many historical happenings occurs including paving way between the Red Sea for Bani Israel by Allah Almighty and destruction of Firaon (Pharaoh), which is why the Apostle (PBUH) of God started fasting and directed other Muslims to do so and showed Jews that Musa (A.S) is dearer to us Muslims than others.

The Holy Prophet (PBUH) used to fast in this month, and is reported to have said:

“The best of fasts besides the month of Ramadhan is the fasting of Allah’s month of Muharram.” (Muslim)

Besides fasting on this day, it also landmarks the greatest Sacrifice by the Grandson of Rasulullah (PBUH), Hazrat Hussain (R.A) for sake of uplifting the Religion of Peace against unjust leader, Yazid.

  1. Safar

The second month, which is named so because of the word “Sifir” meaning zero or empty, as the Arabs used to empty their houses and would return back to fighting after the holy month of Muharram. It was believed in pre Islamic period that this time of the year brings mishaps and other disasters. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) was quoted by Hazrat Jabir (R.A) to have said about this fallacy:

“I have heard the Prophet saying, the descending of illness and evil superstition befalling in the month of Safar is untrue.” (Muslim)

Moreover, this is the month in which the beloved Daughter of Rasulullah (PBUH) got married with Hazrat Ali (R.A). Two battles of Abwaa and Khaibar took place on 2 A.H and 7 A.H in Safar respectively.

  1. Rabi ul Awwal

Third constituent of Islamic Calendar, which means the first month of spring, derived from growing of grass in it. For Muslims, it is the best time of the year because the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was born in it. He (PBUH) also migrated from Makkah to Madina in this period.

  1. Rabi ul Aakhir

Fourth part of Muslim year, and is named so as being the second month of spring.

  1. Jumad al Awwal

It was called so because of freezing of water in this phase. It is also very significant month because the Holy Prophet (PBUH) married His first Wife, Hazrat Khatija (R.A) in it. The Grandfather of Rasulullah (PBUH), Abdul Muttalib, who took his great care, also died at this time of the year.

  1. Jumad al Thani

It is the sixth month of Islamic Calendar named by Arabs because of winter time.

  1. Rajab

It is the seventh and sacred month of Muslim year whose name was derived from the Arabic word “Rajaba”, which means “to respect”, as it was always considered as a sacred time.Moreover, the Messenger (PBUH) of Allah went on the journey of M`iraj (Ascension to Heavens) and brought back the gift of Salah for Muslims with Himself.

  1. Sha`ban

It is the eighth month of the Islamic Calendar, whose name originated from a word “tash`aba”, which means to spread in different ways. It was called Sha`ban because the Arabs used to go in diverse directions to fight their enemies after the sacred month of Rajab. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) used to fast throughout this phase besides in Ramadan according to Hazrat A`ishah (R.A). The 15th night of Sha`ban is considered to a very blessed one, also called “Shab e Baraat”, which means “to attain Allah`s Salvation” through His remembrance, reciting the Holy Quran and praying.

  1. Ramadan

The derivation of the name of ninth month of Muslims came from a word “Ar-ramda” referring to tremendous heat as it used to come in such hot climate in the Arabian Peninsula at that time. The great importance of this month is that it is the period in which Muslims have to keep away from all kinds of daily needs of hunger, thirst etc. for sake of Allah SWT.

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O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous. [Quran, 2: 183]

Apart from fasting, it also contains a night, 27th of Ramadan in which the Holy Quran (A great source of enlightenment) was first revealed on the Last Prophet, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). Besides, the very first battle in Islamic history against the disbelievers, “Ghazwa e Badr” took place during this time. The eventual victory of Makkah also occurred in this month.

10.  Shawwal

It is tenth month of the Islamic Calendar, whose name gets originated fromthe Arabic word“tashawwala”, referring to scarcity of milk in female camels and this time was associated by the ancient Arabs as a bad time of the year. But Allah SWT removed all these superstitions by awarding Muslims with the gift of Eid ul Fitr after month long fasting period of Ramadan. Fasting after celebrations in this phase is also deemed very highly by Rasulullah (PBUH).

“Whoever fasts Ramadan and follows it with six days of Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime.” (Muslim)

Hazrat A`ishah (R.A) also got married to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) during this period. Hazrat Hussain (R.A) also got born in it. The beloved uncle of the Apostle (PBUH) of Allah, Abu Taalib (R.A), who always helped Him and other Muslims in strict times of Makkan oppressions, died in this month.

11.  Dhu al-Qa’dah

It is the eleventh month, which was always a sacred time of the year and was the first one in which the Arabs avoided fighting. The battle of Khandaq took place in it. Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) returned to Makkah foroffering Pilgrimage in 7 A.H.

12.   Dhu al-Hijjah

It is the last and one of the most auspicious months of the Islamic Calendar, which is named so because the grand Pilgrimage (Hajj), which is the 5th Pillar of the Islam is performed in it. Abu Hurrairah (R.A) narrated the Holy Prophet (PBUH) once talking about Hajj as:

“Whoever performs Hajj and does not commit any obscenity or transgression shall return [free from sins] as he was on the day his mother gave birth to him.” (Al-Bukhari)

So, this month contains a holy act of Pilgrimage which results in forgiveness of all sins of a true believer.

Hence, nearly all the Islamic months have some kind of specialty engraved in them. But some of them including the four sacred months as discussed in the Holy Quran are more promising as well as other which later became prominent due to rich Muslim Rituals, obligations and traditions.

EID Ul-Fitr 2016: Celebrating The Festival

Eid ul-Fitr is a Muslim festival of great zeal and zest which comes on the 1st of the Islamic month of Shawwal ever year at the end of a month long fasting period of Ramadan. This is the time of great celebration and merriment for the true disciples of the Religion of Peace who have fasted for the entire month of the Holy Ramadan. It is the occasion of tremendous amount of happiness for all the Muslims throughout the world which lasts for first three days of Shawwal. The history of this most auspicious festivity goes back to the days when the Holy Prophet ﷺ first migrated from Makkah to Madina. Narrated by Hazra Anas (R.A):

“The Messenger PBUH came to Madinah, the people had two days in which they used to entertain and amuse themselves. He PBUH asked: “What are these two days?” They said: “We used to amuse ourselves and take pleasure in these two days during the Days of Ignorance (jahiliyyah). The Messenger PBUH of Allah said, “Allah has substituted for you something better than these two; the Eid of Adha  (sacrifice) and the Eid of Fitr .” (Abu Dawud)

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According to various traditions, first ever Eid ul-Fitr rejoiced by Rasulullah ﷺ and His rightful companions was in 624 C.E in the year Ghazw e Badar was fought and won by the Muslims. It is the time of thanksgiving to the Gracious God and showing gratitude towards Him for giving the believers ability to successfully accomplish fasting in Ramadan and awarding them with immense cheerfulness.

Meaning of the Term Eid Ul Fitr

Eid and Fitr and both Arabic words which mean “Celebration” and “To Break Fast” respectively, thus constitute a great deal of festivity which comes at the end of the process of obligatory fasting. It means that the believers are free to eat and drink all through the day and there is no compulsion on them regarding that matter.

Date of Happening in 2015

Every year, Muslims all over the world commemorate this highly blessed occasion with great enthusiasm. This time around, in 2015, Eid ul-Fitr is expected to arrive on 17th of July in most geographic regions of the world and on 18th in other.

Things to Do during Eid ul-Fitr 2015

Every one of us wants to make this Islamic Carnival memorable through outdoor activities with friends, meeting and visiting the family members and making peace with all. But not each one of us is aware of the true meaning and the rightful way of celebrating this occasion. Following are some of the considerations that every Muslim should know about and try its best to meet their requirements in order to rejoice this amazing short phase of blessings in the most desired manner:

i)                    Taking Bath and Wearing Neat Clothes

According to Sunnah of the Holy Prophet ﷺ, every believer needs to get up early in the morning and wash its body thoroughly observing Ghusl (Greater Ablution) on the day of Small Eid. Those who can afford, are also directed to be dressed in new clothes, and those cannot do so, should at least be putting on some tidy garments.

“God is beautiful, and He loves that which is beautiful” (Muslim)

Therefore, we should all appear orderly and neat especially on the day of Eid ul-Fitr in order to be presentable in front of Allah SWT and fellow Muslims.

ii)                  Giving Zakat al-Fitr to Deprived Ones

Zakat (Charity) has been made obligatory to perform for all those believers who possess enough wealth and property. But there is a specific Zakah that is associated with Eid ul-Fitr only and is called Zakat ul-Fitr.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (R.A):

“Allah’s Apostle PBUH enjoined the payment of one Sa’ of dates or one Sa’ of barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer the ‘Id prayer. (One Sa’ = 3 Kilograms approx.)” (Bukhari)

The above mentioned Hadith clearly explains the great importance of the alms that should be given to the poor people on day of Eid ul-Fitr. It is a compulsory religious act and every family head should give stated food items in the Prophetic Saying or pay the needy equal amount of its money. It is also worth noting that Zakat al-Fitr must be paid before observing Namaz e EId in the mosque.

iii)                Eating Food Items before Eid Prayer

It is commonly seen on the day of Eid ul-Fitr that in every Muslim house, sweets and desserts are made and served in the family members and neighbors to start the festival in charming way. Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ also used to have some food in the morning before Salah of Eid. Reported by Hazrat Anas (R.A):

“Prophet (PBUH) did not go (to the place of prayer) in the morning on the days of Eid-ul-Fitr till he ate some dates, and he used to eat an odd number.” (Bukhari)

Therefore, none of us should go for prayer without actually having eaten some sweets preferably dates to fulfill the Sunnah of our beloved Messenger ﷺ.

iv)                Reciting Takbir en Route to Mosque

It is customary to rehearse the phrases of High Praise of Allah SWT while being on the way towards Masjid for Eid Prayer.

“Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar La Ilaha Ila Allah Wa Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Wa Lillahi Alhamd.”

Translation: “Allah is great, Allah is great. There is no god but Allah. Allah is great, Allah is great. And all praises are for Allah”

These strong words of elevating the Name of the Creator of the universe are testimony of having gratitude towards Him for blessing one with the great event of Eid ul-Fitr.

v)                  Performing Eid Salah in the Morning

First of all, every Muslim man needs to reach the mosque as early as possible for Namaz e Eidain (Wajib/Strongly Recommended) in congregation. The Imam, before start of Salah, everyone should closely listen to the set format of Prayer being told by the Imam which involves description of two Rakats (units) with additional Takbirs as discussed in the following Hadith:

“The Prophet (PBUH) said the Takbir in first (raka’at) seven (times) before recitation, and in the last, five (times) before recitation.” (Tirmidhi)

It shows that Eid Prayer is a special kind of Namaz and one should follow the said procedure of Sunnah in this regard. Secondly, at the end of the prayer, one should stay at its praying place in order to benefit from the greatest of the blessings of Khutba (Lecture) and offer supplications at the end of Eid Prayer. Ibn Abbas (R.A) narrated:

“I participated in the Eid-ul-Fitr prayer with the Messenger PBUH of Allah, Abu Bakr (R.A), Umar (R.A) and Uthman (R.A), and all of them held Eid prayer before Khutbah, and then the Prophet Muhammad PBUH delivered the Khutbah (sermon).” (Muslim) 

The aforementioned Saying of the Messenger ﷺ of God tells us that we should remain silent at our respective places after having offered two Rakats as Imam delivers the Lecture at the end of Eid Salah which is compulsory to listen to.

vi)                Using Different Routes To and From Mosque

The entire life of Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ is a great means of inspiration and enlightenment for all the believers in all walks of life. Nobody has ever perfected in achieving the rightful way of performing responsibilities and duties than Him, therefore, it is necessary for Muslims to follow His way in every matter.

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There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often. [Quran, 33: 21]

Eid is no exception to that: the Messenger ﷺ used to walk different paths while going to and coming back from Masjid for the Eid Prayer. Jabir Ibn Abdullah (R.A) narrated the Holy Prophet ﷺ saying as:

“On the day of Eid, the Prophet PBUH would vary his route, i.e., he would go via one route and come back via a different route.” (Bukhari)

Thus, each and every one of us should try its best to adopt the way of our beloved Prophet ﷺ and use different courses while going towards and coming back from Mosque for Salah of Eid ul-Fitr.

vii)              Greeting Every Muslim Fellow

It is highly recommended that every Muslim should greet its Muslim brothers and sisters with open arms on this most auspicious day of celebration. This process must start right from the Mosque when after the Imam has delivered the concluding Sermon and has made supplications to Allah SWT, each one of us should try to hug our fellow attendees by Saying “Eid Mubarak (Happy Eid) to as much as possible. One can also distribute Eid Greeting Cards, send Cheerful Messages, exchange Gifts and share moments of joy with less known people in order to make acquaintances and involve as many Muslims in the festivity as possible.

viii)            Expressing Thankfulness to God

One should be highly grateful to the Almighty Lord for He has made it possible for us to go successfully through the month of fasting and has blessed us with tremendous joy of Eid. It means that one is able to effectively carry out all the religious acts during Ramadan which is why Eid ul-Fitr serves as great moment of being grateful to Allah SWT.

“The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.” [Quran, 2: 185]

It shows that we should be thankful to the Gracious God who gave us energy and desire to perform all religious obligations during Ramadan productively and that also for giving us prosperity for being able to help the poor.

ix)                Rejoicing the Occasion Humbly

Eid ul-Fitr is that time of the year when Muslims all over the world feel highly cheerful and enjoy the event with great fervor. But most of us do not know the actual meaning of being joyful at this moment: it is because one has been able to go through the Holy month of Ramadan in the most rightful manner. It is the sign of eternal happiness as fasting will lead eventually one to enter the Paradise in the hereafter. Rasulullah ﷺ is narrated by Abu Hurrairah (R.A) to have said:

“Those who fast will have two times at which they will feel happy: When they break their fast, they feel happy for breaking the fast, and when they meet their Lord, they will be happy because of their fast” (Bukhari and Muslim)

According to this Hadith, the gladness after fasting is actually about the great number of rewards that one will receive from the Gracious God as a result of successful completion of Ramadan. Same is the case with celebration during Eid ul-Fitr where one should rejoice the instance of happiness with a view that it is the result of a month long struggle in the way of Allah SWT. Therefore, one should celebrate this occasion within limits and avoid from being excessive in terms of spending money and wasting time.

x)                  Visiting and Inviting Family and Friends

As the time passes, people are getting more and more away from one another especially the close relatives. Nowadays, one cannot find enough time to pay visit to family and friends regularly which lead to weakening of relationships. The Holy Prophet ﷺ has strongly advised all the believers to look up to their ties of kinship.

“Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should maintain good relations with his or her kindred.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Eid is that one day on which everyone has ample amount of time and the desire to involve others in the process of celebration. Therefore, this time around, every one of us should try to remove all the past grievances and invite and pay visit to our relatives, friends and family members in order to share the moments of great joy with them and bring each other closer. One should also be kind enough to children and give them gifts, sweets and pocket money which is generally a tradition among Muslims all over the world.

Eid ul-Fitr 2015 is approaching quickly with every passing Soum (fast). Therefore, it is necessary to know about the essentials of this most promising happening in order to celebrate it in the most desirable fashion.

How to Celebrate Eid ul Fitr?

The Holy month of Ramadan is about to end. The most awaited event after ramadan is the event of Eid-ul-Fitr that takes place right after Ramadan on the first of Shawal. Eid refers to happiness, therefore, on that day Muslims celebrate and spread happiness.

The reason why a Muslim celebrates Eid-ul-Fitr are numerous. The first could be because it is a blessing from Allah Almighty, secondly because it is a reward for keeping fast for thirty days and thirdly it can merely be an occasion when Muslims express their love for each other and spread joy all over. The numerous reasons behind the celebration of Eid-ul-Fitr aside, there is a particular way in which a Muslim must celebrate the Eid. This way or ways are the ones that are more close to the way Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to celebrate Eid. The lines below discuss a few ways in which you can celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr.

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Wear Nice Dress:

Eid is celebration and every celebration requires preparations in general and dressing in particular. Wearing a new dress on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr is the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and it represents the measures a Muslim must take pertaining to Eid celebration. The dress should be worn after proper bath and once the new dress is worn, then a Muslim must apply some perfume over the dress as well, as it is also one of the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Therefore, the morning of the Eid day a Muslim must first ensure that he wears if not new then the best clothes he has available.

Go For Prayer:

The festival of Eid-ul-Fitr is special; therefore, it also has special prayer as well. The offering of Eid prayer is a Wajib, hence every Muslim male must make the effort of offering the prayer with congregation. More than just simple worship, the prayer of Eid symbolizes the fact that as Muslims remember Allah in the days of hardship and patience, they do the same on the days of happiness and joy as well. Therefore, on the day of Eid, after wearing the dress a Muslim must make sure that he goes to the mosque to offer the prayer of Eid with congregation.

Take Different Routes To Mosque:

The celebration of Eid-ul-Fitr is all about greeting all those a Muslim meets and spreading the message of love and joy with greetings. In this regard, a Muslim must take a leaf out of the life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as He is the best example pertinent to celebration of Eid and how a Muslim can greet the maximum people possible. As per His Sunnah, He would take one route towards the mosque for prayer and would come back from another route. This changing of routes ensures that a Muslim meets and greets people living on the side of both the routes. Therefore, the next time you go to offer the Eid-ul-Fitr prayer go from one side and come back the other way around to make sure that you meet maximum people.

Visit Friends And Family:

What good is a celebration if a person does not share the happiness with others. The festival of Eid-ul-Fitr provides an excellent chance to Muslims to forget their previous grudges and anger and leaving all that behind greet each other with happiness and joy. It is one day when all of the Muslims forget all that has passed and try to make amends by going out to visit friends and families to whom they have not spoken or contacted with for long. Moreover, the festival of Eid can also be seen on its peak when Muslims who live in other countries, especially visit their friends and family in their home countries on the day of Eid. From this, the social and cultural importance of Eid can be realized. It is an event where all those who haven’t seen each other in a year or who haven’t been to their home with their family make arrangements to be there on the day of Eid so that they could spend the memories of love with their loved and cherished ones.

Give Sadqah of Fitr:

Being happy does not mean that one limits that happiness to him or herself only, rather the real essence of happiness lies in its sharing. If happiness be wearing good clothes, eating healthy foods and be able to visit places on the occasions of joy, then for such people Islam gives the ideal fit on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr in the form of Sadqah of Fitr. It is the charity or alms giving that a Muslim has to pay before the prayer of Eid-ul-Fitr. Although it can be paid in Ramadan as well, however, the recommended time is to offer it between the Fajr and Eid prayer. Thus, the giving of alms to the poor before the prayer of Eid gives them a chance to celebrate the Eid in a way in which the wealthy and fortunate people of the Ummah do, ergo, no member of the society is left behind in the celebrations and everyone is given a chance to be a part of it regardless of their social standing.


In a nutshell, Eid-ul-Fitr is a Holy festival and like all other Holy occasions and festivals it needs to be observed with peace and respect. The best way of doing so can be by following the Snnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) pertaining to the celebration of Eid and do the same things which He did during that particular day in word as well as in practice.

Islam And Different Types Of Health

The common notion about Islam is that it is a religion that commends its followers to be a servant to God only and live the worldly life in a way that it elevates the spirit of the person and helps gain religious benefits. Although this notion is a part of Islam but not the whole Islam, the whole Islam is complete in every sense and has instructions regarding each aspect of life.

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Islam gives a complete and thorough framework of life, by following which a person can live life in the best way possible both from worldly and religious perspective. With every matter of life Islam gives a holistic and a specific solution. Therefore, a follower of Islam has all the instructions available and all he needs to do is to follow them.

Pertaining to general health, Islam takes a holistic approach and provides remedy and instructions regarding spiritual, emotional and physical health. The lines below give the perspective of Islam on the three levels of general health.

1. Spiritual Health:

Spiritual health is important in Islam and one of the key objectives of being a Muslim is to improve the health of the spirit. On a general level the spiritual health depends upon the kind of believe a person has and based on that believe how does a person respond to afflictions and adversities. The better the response of a person, the better is the spiritual health. The hadith of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says:

“Indeed amazing are the affairs of a believer! They are all for his benefit. If he is granted ease then he is thankful, and this is good for him. And if he is afflicted with a hardship, he perseveres, and this is good for him.” (Muslim)

This hadith shows the kind of belief a Muslim possess pertaining to the ease and difficulties in life. A Muslim who believes that all the eases and hardship is from Allah Almighty and rejuvenates and perseveres in the respective cases is the one whose spirit is healthy.

Further to the health of spirit, it is the external afflictions and sickness that puts this particular health to its test. In this regard also the hadith of Prophet (PBUH) gives the best model:

“Whenever a Muslim is afflicted by harm from sickness or other matters, God will expiate his sins, like leaves drop from a tree.” (Muslim and Bukhari)

From this hadith, it is obvious that all the physical afflictions sent by God help shed sins. All a Muslim needs to do is persevere and the afflictions become a blessing in disguise that remove all the sins associated with the soul of person, thus making spiritual health better.

2. Emotional Health:

In addition to the spiritual health, the second level of health that Islam addresses is the emotional health. The kind of emotions a person has has a great impact on the way a person lives life. Positive emotions bread a righteous and virtuous life, while negative emotions bring the vices of a person to the surface.

The emotion part of the health has a lot to do with the heart, if the heart is at peace, then all the adversities would seem like blessings as discussed earlier, and if the heart is not at its right place, then even the joyful moments would lead to a life that is transgressing and not commended by Allah Almighty.

In Quran, Allah Almighty says:

“O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i.e. the Quran), and healing for that which is in your hearts.” (10:57)

In this ayah of Quran, it is evident that Quran is solution to the problems of heart, thus reading, listening and understanding of Quran helps better the emotional health of a person. The more the heart of a person is grateful, peaceful and obliged better will be its health and more blessings would it receive from Allah Almighty, as He says in Quran:

“And when your Lord proclaimed, “If you give thanks, I will give you more; but if you are thankless, lo! My punishment is dire.” (14:7)

Hence, the emotional health of a person increases when the heart is content, obliged and thankful to all the blessings of Allah Almighty.

3. Physical Health:

The emphasis of Islam on physical health is another aspect of Islam about which people are oblivious. Islam commends its followers to pay attention towards their health and take good care of it. Pertaining to physical health, Islam addresses both the diet and exercise aspects of health. Allah Almighty says in Quran:

“O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth (that is) lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed he is to you a clear enemy.” (2:168)

In this ayah, it is clear that Allah Almighty has allowed Muslims to eat whatever they want to eat in this world, except for the foods that are unlawful and the ones that take a person on the footsteps of Satan. Regarding the forbidden foods besides the intoxicants, Allah Almighty says in Quran:

“Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah, that which hath been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by being gored to death; that which hath been (partly) eaten by a wild animal; unless ye are able to slaughter it (in due form); that which is sacrificed on stone (altars); (forbidden) also is the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety…..” (5:3)

In this ayah, Allah Almighty has clearly described the foods that are unlawful for a Muslim and the eating of which is forbidden, all the other foods are lawful to Muslims and he can consume them in the way he likes.

Pertaining to the exercise part of physical health, Islam encourages its followers to indulge in sports and physical activities that improve the health and strength of the body. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said in one of His hadiths:

“Any Action without the remembrance of God is either a diversion or heedlessness excepting four acts: Walking from target to target (during archery practice), training a horse, playing with one’s family, and learning to swim.” (Tabarani)

From this hadith it is evident that Prophet (PBUH) encourages playing sports that are healthy for the body.


In short, Islam like its own completeness and comprehensiveness addresses all the matters of life with on a complete and comprehensive level. For Islam, the spiritual, emotional, and physical health all are important and the presence of all makes a healthy believer and Muslim.

Virtues of Itikaaf, Rules and and Ways to Maximize It

Ramadan is almost half way through and Muslims all across the world are counting the days left in this month so that they could celebrate and cherish these remaining moments and spend them in praise and worship of Allah Almighty to gain maximum blessings in this holy month. Pertaining to the days left in Ramadan, the most renowned and anxiously awaited are the last ten days, because they come with Itikaf.

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Itikaf is one of the greatest Sunnahs of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and it is the one most observed during Ramadan. Pertaining to it, Hazrat Aisha (RA) said:

“Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to perform Itikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan until Allah the Mighty and Majestic, took him.” (Bukhari)

From this hadith it is clear that observing Itikaf was a life long Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), therefore, every Muslim must also try observing Itikaf whenever the chance becomes available in his or her life. The lines below discuss some virtues as well as the ways of maximizing Itikaf in terms of its gain and reward.


There are numerous hadiths associated with Itikaf, as per which it is the renowned as a great reward generating Sunnah. In one of His hadiths, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:

“He who observes the ten days Itikaf during Ramadan will obtain the reward of two Hajj and two Umrah.” (Bayhaqi)

Therefore, those who cannot afford to go on Hajj or Umrah can rely on observance of Itikaf as a means of getting them the reward they would get for performing two Hajj and two Umrahs. In another hadith, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:

“Whosoever for Allah’s sake did even one days Itikaf, Allah would keep him away from Jahannam by trenches.” (Tabarani)

This hadith shows another great virtue of Itikaf, as per which one day’s Itikaf is sufficient enough to help protect a Muslim from the fire of hell by the distance of trenches. Therefore, if a Muslim wishes to stay away from the fire of hell, he or she must try observing Itikaaf during the last ten days of Ramadan.

Those who observe Itikaf, for them Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said in another hadith:

“He is safe from sin and he also gets that reward which everyone (outside Itikaf) gets for pious deeds.” (Ibn Majah)

In the light of this ayah, observing Itikaf is a means of gaining excessive reward for the good deeds. Moreover, besides the personal reward which a person gets for observing Itikaf, he or she also gets reward for the pious deeds committed by other people as well.

Maximizing Itikaf:

There are numerous ways in which a Muslim can maximize Itikaf and its outcomes. The lines below discuss a few major ways of doing so in Ramadan.

Have Pure Intentions:

The first thing that can help maximize the effects and rewards of Itikaf is the right intentions. Your intentions related to Itikaf must be pure and full of passion and religious zest. You must not observe Itikaf with the intention that people may call you virtuous and pious, rather the intentions you must have should be to praise and worship Allah Almighty, seek His forgiveness and fulfill the Sunnah of Prophet (PBUH).  In a hadith, Prophet (PBUH) said:

Verily actions are judged by intention.” (Bukhari)

Therefore, the reward which a person attains from Itikaf depends upon the intentions which he or she had when they observed Itikaf. If the intentions are pure and righteous, the reward will be equally fruitful as well.

Schedule Your Activities:

In order to make the most out of Itikaf and relish each and every moment of it, you need to make sure that all your daily worship activities are planned before hand. Itikaf is of 10 days, therefore, before the start of it, you need to make a chart in which you distribute your worship goals into days and in those days the distribution should in hours. When you do so, only then you make sure that no moment of the Itikaf goes to waste and you enjoy every moment by worshiping Allah Almighty and by seeking forgiveness from Him.

Go The Extra Mile:

Another thing that a Muslim can do pertaining to maximizing the reward of Itikaf and improving its effectiveness is exerting high efforts in praying and worshiping of Allah Almighty to ensure greater reward and blessing. As Itikaf is observed in the last ten days of Ramadan, for which the Sunnah of Prophet (PBUH) could be explained with the help of following narration of Hazrat Aisha (RA), where she said:

“Allah’s Messenger used to exert himself in devotion during the last ten nights to a greater extent than any other time.” (Muslim)

Therefore, if there is any time when you need to exert high level of efforts pertaining to worship and prayer, it is the days of Itikaf in which you must tighten your belt and start pushing yourself with extra prayers and other means of worship.

Recite Quran:

One of the most common activities that Muslims in Itikaf undertake is recitation of Holy Quran. Muslims who have learned Quran from a Quran teacher get to utilize Itikaf as a means of repeating their lesson and try finishing their Quran, whereas those who have not learnt Quran can utilize Itikaf as a means of learning Quran in this time. This way a Muslim can earn greater reward for Quran recitation in addition to increasing and sharpening one’s Quran recitation expertise.

Try Finding Laylatul Qadr:

The most blessed night of all – Laylatul Qadr is in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan. Although every night of Itikaf is special, however, the frequency and the spirit of obligatory as well as the voluntary prayers should be pushed the extra mile during the odd nights, as no one knows which one of them could be the Laylatul Qadr and a Muslim may earn countless reward for all the prayer and worship in that night. Therefore, finding Laylatul Qadr should be one of the objectives of Itikaf.


In short, Ramadan comes once in a year and so does the chance of observing Itikaf, therefore, whoever has this chance available should avail it and try fulfilling the Holy Sunnah of Itikaf with utmost dedication and piety, so that he or she could reap greater reward in both the worlds.